The molten salt nuclear reactor technology during the Cold War was proven to be applicable to creating clean, sustainable and safe energy for Earth for tens of billions of years.
According to Business Insider, people are facing an energy crisis because of rapid population growth. Renewable energy technologies such as wind or solar energy can not be the main solution for the future, while traditional nuclear power generation generates toxic radioactive waste, while fossil fuels produce too much carbon dioxide.
The “molten salt” nuclear reactor can solve all of the above. It is one of the safest energy technologies in the world, currently meeting 20 percent of America’s energy needs. Although this figure will fall to only 10% by the 2040s due to the fact that some older plants are shut down, this is still an energy technology for the future.
“It’s clean and reliable, it basically has the same use of all the fossil fuels in use, and it does not emit carbon,” Kirk Sorensen – chief technology officer of Flibe Energy said.
The fuel used for this reactor is thorium, the waste from the mining process. This radioactive metal has three times as much uranium 235 as the conventional nuclear reactor fuel.
Instead of using solid nuclear fuel rods as in conventional reactors, the technology uses a mixture of liquids to convert thorium to uranium 233, causing fission to produce greater energy but produces more fuel. Much less nuclear waste.
In 1959, Alvin Weinberg – physicist of the Manhattan Project (building two atomic bombs thrown down to Japan) calculated that using up the amount of thorium in the earth’s crust could have enough energy for human use in tens of billion of years.
Despite such remarkable advantages, but because it was too difficult to use thorium for nuclear weapons, the US government stopped testing these reactors in 1969 and continued to use solid identity particulate fuel.